HIV Testing Types – What To Expect & Results

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Dallas Premier- Primary & Urgent Care, pride ourselves on delivering top-notch medical care with compassion and expertise. Our team of medical professionals is dedicated to providing personalized  Primary and Urgent care that meets your unique needs and concerns.

Understanding HIV testing is crucial for early detection and management of the virus. At Dallas Premier Primary and Urgent Care (DPUC) in McKinney, TX, we offer comprehensive HIV screening services designed to provide confidential and accurate results. This blog aims to demystify the types of HIV tests available, explain what each test screens for, how to read the results, and what you should expect during the testing process.

What Does HIV Screening Test For?

HIV screening tests are designed to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the blood. There are several types of tests that healthcare providers use to diagnose HIV infection, each with different markers and methods:

Antibody Tests

These tests look for antibodies to HIV in your blood or oral fluid. Antibodies are proteins produced by your immune system to fight off infections and can take 3 to 12 weeks to develop after exposure to the virus.

Antigen/Antibody Tests

Also known as fourth-generation tests, these can detect both HIV antibodies and antigens. Antigens are foreign substances that induce an immune response in the body. The p24 antigens are detectable approximately 2 to 4 weeks after infection, making this test useful for earlier detection compared to antibody-only tests.

Nucleic Acid Tests (NAT)

This method tests for the actual presence of the virus in the blood. NAT can usually detect HIV before antibodies form, within 7 to 28 days after infection, making it one of the earliest detection methods available.

How to Read HIV Lab Test Results

Understanding your HIV test results is critical:

  • Negative: No HIV antigens or antibodies are detected. If HIV exposure is suspected, follow-up testing should occur after the window period.
  • Positive: HIV antigens or antibodies are detected, and additional testing, such as a NAT, might be required to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Indeterminate: Sometimes, test results are unclear, and a repeat test is advised.

HIV Testing Procedures: What to Expect

When you visit DPUC for HIV testing, the process is straightforward and respectful of your privacy:

Pre-test Counseling: Before the test, a health professional will discuss what the test involves and any concerns you might have.

Sample Collection: Depending on the type of test being conducted, a blood sample or oral swab will be collected.

Post-test Counseling: After the results are available, further consultation will help you understand the results and discuss the next steps.

HIV Testing Services Near McKinney, TX

At DPUC, we understand the importance of accessible, confidential HIV testing. We offer a variety of testing options at our facilities in McKinney, ensuring that community members have the necessary resources for health and wellness.


Regular HIV testing is essential for those who are at risk and for general health screenings. At DPUC in McKinney, we provide a safe and supportive environment for all your HIV testing needs. Understanding the types of tests and what your results mean can help you make informed decisions about your health.

We encourage everyone to consider regular HIV screening as part of their routine health care. Visit our website at DPUC or contact us today to schedule your confidential HIV test and take control of your health journey.